Collective Self Consumption projects: The lever to unlock access to local renewable electricity

Collective Self-consumption (CSC) is a framework that supports the energy transition in the electricity sector by facilitating the collective sharing of renewable electricity generation assets within a community of prosumers.

CSC projects are promising projects in that they have the capacity to further develop local renewable electricity and reach new market segments which would be excluded from distributed generation otherwise, including some of the four billion energy consumers currently living in urban areas. But CSC will also benefit owners of distributed generation by locally monetizing and thus maximizing the value of the electricity they generate.

From a potential perspective, CSC projects could take a large market share among the 150 GW residential and commercial PV to be installed between 2019 and 2024 without feed-in tariff support or net metering regulation.

But the wide scale emergence of CSC projects also faces barriers. First, regulatory conditions can constrain the implementation of these projects. Secondly, CSC projects show a high organisational complexity in trying to gather multiple and diversified end users.

In this report prepared in cooperation with Meridiam, Omexom, Services Industriels de Genève and Total, ENEA explores the conditions for the emergence of collective self-consumption projects globally.