ADEME study – The integration of renewable energies and energy recovery in industry: sector-based solutions

As of the 80’s, in a context of increasingly volatile energy costs and growing interest in the problem of global warming, industries began to progressively work to better control their energy efficiency and reduce their environmental footprint. Although there have been real successes, the deployment of Renewable Energies and Energy Recovery technologies (REER) has not made sufficient progress in this sector.

The ADEME (the French Environment & Energy Management Agency) decided to ask ENEA Consulting and Kerdos Energy to carry out a study on this topic in order to inform industrial companies about the possibilities offered by these technologies. After mapping the available technologies that could be used to cover different industrial needs, the study focused on evaluating their strengths and weaknesses against predefined criteria. The aim of the study was to identify the obstacles to overcome and the drivers to activate to facilitate their development, while supporting the findings with feedback from real cases.

Readers of the report will realise that many relatively mature REER technologies exist that can be used for energy production or self-consumption on industrial sites, for both heat and electricity. With the help of support mechanisms (CEE energy saving certificates, Fonds Chaleur subsidies, CRE calls for tender or other tax measures), investing in REER in France can be profitable in the long term in many cases and these projects also make it possible to reduce CO2 emissions and develop a responsible corporate image.

Readers will also learn that although REER technologies are not necessarily easy to integrate or operate, the difficulties (technical, contractual, economic) can be overcome. The case studies clearly demonstrated this, particularly when REER technologies are associated with conventional solutions. Indeed, while these technologies seem to be implicitly competing with each other, they should really be considered as complementary to each other, as the strengths of some compensate for the weaknesses of others.

PDF downloads are available on ADEME’s website or directly through the links below (in French only):